Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by violent blow or jolt to the head or a penetration of the skull and brain by a foreign object. Usually, a slip-and-fall accident or a car crash may cause TBI. It may also be caused by a loss of oxygen to the brain due to a medical error or near-drowning.

An individual who suffers TBI because of someone else’s negligence may seek compensation from the at-fault person or organization. This compensation can pay for medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering and other costs of living with the debilitating condition.

If you or a loved one has suffered serious TBI through no fault of your own, contact the lawyers of Geoff McDonald & Associates. We assist TBI victims and their families in Richmond and surrounding areas in Virginia. We can provide a free and immediate consultation about your case.

Due to our experience with helping those who have suffered TBI, we can handle many different types of cases, including those that involve:

Closed-Head Injury

This is a type of TBI in which the skull has not been broken. It is usually caused by a sudden blow or jerking motion that has caused the brain to move within the skull with enough force to damage tissue. The brain may swell, which creates pressure that leads to further damage. A concussion is an example of a closed-head injury.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

Widespread brain damage may be described as a “diffuse axonal injury,” or DAI. This is typically a closed-head injury. A concussion is a mild DAI. A severe DAI can cause long-term loss of consciousness (coma) or a persistent vegetative state. The few who wake from a coma are likely to have significant impairments.

Open-Head Injury

This is a type of TBI caused by an object breaking though the skull and into the brain. When an object penetrates the skull and exits at a different location, the wound is known as a “perforating open-head injury.” In addition to primary brain damage, an open-head injury can easily become infected.

Anoxic / Hypoxic Brain Injury

If the brain is without oxygen for five minutes or more, brain cells can die. This is known as “anoxic brain injury.” A reduced oxygen level can cause less-severe hypoxic brain injury. Loss of oxygen to the brain can cause permanent physical disabilities, cognitive problems and psychological disorders. Cerebral palsy, which usually manifests as a deficit in physical coordination, is an incurable birth disorder primarily caused by oxygen loss either during birth or soon afterward.

Focal Brain Injury

A focal injury is damage to a specific area of the brain, usually from an open-head penetrating injury. A sharp blow may also cause a closed-head focal brain injury.

Contact Our Richmond Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyers

A person with severe TBI faces years of expensive medical treatment, including rehabilitation therapy for coping with a disability. A severely injured TBI patient may require help with such activities as eating, grooming and bathing. The victim may be unable to work, and family members may be forced to provide full-time care.

If you or a loved one is suffering from TBI due to the negligence of another, the attorneys of Geoff McDonald & Associates are here to help you. We do not want you to shoulder this burden alone.

We provide our clients in Richmond and across Virginia with our No Fee Guarantee®. That means we don’t collect a legal fee unless we collect for you.

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