Types of Disabilities

Social Security Disability Attorneys of Geoff McDonald & Associates

There are a variety of injuries, illnesses and diseases that could result in entitlement to disability benefits including:


  • Blood disorders.  Blood disorders, or hematological illnesses, are abnormalities of the body’s white and red blood cells and concern issues with blood platelets and clotting.  Common blood disorders include chronic anemia, sickle cell disease, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and blood clots and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.
  • Cancer.  Cancer occurs when there is a malignant growth or tumor, which sometimes spreads to other areas of the body through the bloodstream. The ten most common types of cancer in the United States are skin cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, kidney (renal) cancer, bladder cancer, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, thyroid cancer and endometrial (uterine) cancer.
  • Digestive system disorders.  Digestive system disorders include inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hepatitis, Crohn’s disease (a type of inflammatory bowel disease that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus) and colitis.  Digestive system disorders generally affect the gallbladder, liver, pancreas, abdominal cavity, stomach and small and large intestines.
  • Heart disease.  Heart disease, or any type of cardiovascular impairment, affects the heart and the circulatory system. Problems with veins or arteries, such as peripheral vascular disease, also fall into this category because they harm other systems in the body by decreasing blood flow. Whether the illness is congenital, acquired later in life or characterized as chronic, disability benefits may be available.
  • Immune system disorders.  Immune system disorders occur when a person’s own body tissues are vulnerable because of a weakened immune system which prevents it from fighting off serious infections. Some of the most common types of immune system disorders include HIV / AIDS, rheumatic diseases, collagen vascular disorders and connective tissue disorders.
  • Kidney disorders.  Kidney, or renal, disorders are often related to diabetes and those with renal dysfunction disorders may need to undergo continual kidney dialysis to remove toxins from their blood.
  • Loss of hearing.  A person is considered to be deaf when there is no kind of device that can improve their hearing.  To be granted disability benefits, a person must generally pass one of two tests, 1) an audiometry test which measures hearing threshold sensitivity for air and bone conduction, or 2) a word recognition test which measures  speech recognition.
  • Loss of vision.  Loss of vision, or blindness, is often caused by abnormalities in the eye, the optic nerve or even in the brain.  A person with 20/200 vision or less in both eyes is generally considered to be blind.
  • Mental health disorders.  Mental health disorders cover a range of illnesses related to a person’s emotional state. Common psychological conditions include depression, bipolar disorders, panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), schizophrenia and more. In order to qualify for disability benefits, a mental disorder must be severe enough to significantly limit a person’s work performance.
  • Musculoskeletal disorders.  Musculoskeletal disorders result in the inability to properly move the body and are generally associated with severe joint pain.  Common musculoskeletal disorders include arthritis, bone fractures, amputations and injuries or illnesses that affect the shoulders, back and neck.
  • Neurological disorders.  Neurological disorders affect the brain and nervous system and include multiple sclerosis (MS), seizures, traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), strokes, neuropathy and spinal disorders.  Many neurological disorders can be debilitating illnesses and injuries and can sometimes result in paralysis.
  • Respiratory disorders.  Respiratory disorders affect the lungs, and when compromised, can make it difficult to maintain the stamina needed to work.  Common respiratory disorders include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary hypertension (PE), pulmonary edema and obstructive lung diseases.

The Social Security Administration lists several other conditions that may qualify you for disability benefits, including loss of balance, obesity, extreme psoriasis involving hands and feet and others.  In order to qualify for disability benefits, a person must generally provide documentation that demonstrates how their condition prevents them from working.

While the compensation available for these injuries varies depending upon the facts and circumstances of your situation, many have the potential to result in substantial medical bills, continued medical monitoring, rehabilitation, lost income, job retraining and more.

Getting the compensation you deserve is important – especially with injuries like these that have long term effects.  We urge you not to hire an attorney without the knowledge and experience you need to guide you through the process and represent your, and your family’s, best interests.  At Geoff McDonald & Associates, we have that knowledge and experience – and can help take the confusion out of the SSA benefit system.

Geoff McDonald & Associates: Taking The Confusion Out Of The SSA Benefit System

If you are suffering from any of these conditions or other disabling diseases or illnesses, the experienced and aggressive disability attorneys at Geoff McDonald & Associates can help. Our Virginia Social Security Disability Attorneys know how complicated and confusing the Social Security benefit system can be and we can explain the process to you, help you fill out your application and appeal paperwork and may be able to increase your chances of getting benefits.  Just call (804) 888-8888 or complete a free initial consultation form.

We accept clients from across Virginia, including these areas:  Eastern Shore, Hampton Roads, Chesapeake Bay, Northern Virginia, Central Virginia, Southern Virginia, Shenandoah Valley, Blue Ridge Highlands and the Heart of Appalachia – and our No Fee Guarantee® means that you don’t owe us a legal fee unless we win or settle your case.

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